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Sustainable agriculture

Sustainable agricultureAt present, more than one billion people of the world´s population live in extreme poverty (i.e. below the level of 1.25 USD per day). The absolute majority of them live in developing countries and are directly dependent on agricultural and related activities. According to general report prepared by UN Food and FAO on the world agriculture 2015/2030, the prediction for 2030 sounds good in relation of food production to the population number, nevertheless, millions of the rural population are expected to continue to starve. Furthermore, pressures on natural resources will increase together with deepening environmental problems caused by agricultural activities.

Sustainability in agricultural systems is therefore a key factor to reach poverty alleviation. Sustainable agricultural systems may be generally viewed as a structure providing mankind with higher benefits, more effectively exploiting natural resources and being in balance with the environment. A specific character of these aspects is always closely dependent on local conditions. Universal model for all rural communities cannot be found, nevertheless, it should be taken into account that the reaching of sustainability in agricultural systems is always conditioned by the knowledge and understanding of the following areas:

  • The dynamics and interaction of physico-chemical factors (land, climate, water, radiation)
  • Biological elements of crop and animal production systems in relation to pathogenes, weeds and pests
  • Appropriate technologies available to farmers
  • Farmer profile from the viewpoint of cultural environment, achieved education, gained experience and involvement in decision-making process
  • Economic and ecological adequacy and appropriateness in relation to meeting production targets in the conditions of the given infrastructure, institutional and political environment.